Certified Nurse Assistant (CNA): What Are the Educational Requirements?
Research what it takes to become a certified nurse assistant. Learn about job duties, salary, career outlook and certification to find out if this is the career for you. Schools offering Nursing degrees can also be found in these popular choices.
Career Information At a Glance
Certified nurse assistants (CNAs) work with other medical personnel to care for patients in a variety of medical settings. Learn more about the education and training requirements, job duties and necessary skills for this career by reviewing the table.
|Training Required||State-approved nurse assistant training program; on-the-job training|
|Key Responsibilities||Check vital signs, dress/bathe patients, transfer patients|
|Licensure/Certification||Certification is required to use the CNA title and is granted after passing a competency exam|
|Job Growth (2012-2022)||21% (for all nursing assistants)*|
|Median Salary (2013)||$24,890 (for all nursing assistants)*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
What Education and Training Do I Need to Become a CNA?
You'll need to complete an accredited CNA program to work as a CNA in your state. Most CNA programs range from 75 to 150 hours and include classroom coursework and practical training. Topics of study might include medical terminology, body systems, nursing assistant duties, communication skills and patient care techniques. Graduates are usually awarded a certificate of completion. Vocational schools, community colleges and some chapters of the Red Cross offer CNA training. Additionally, hospitals and clinics sometimes offer on-the-job training programs for CNAs. You'll need a high school diploma or GED (General Educational Development) certificate to enroll in most CNA programs.
After you complete your training program, you'll need to pass a competency examination in order to be added to your state's registry of CNAs. Licensure and certification requirements vary by state, so you may need to meet additional educational or training requirements.
What Job Duties Will I have?
As a CNA, you'll assist medical staff and care for patients in settings such as hospitals, rehabilitation clinics and nursing homes. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), some of your duties might include serving meals, making beds, changing bedpans, monitoring vital signs and helping patients dress and bathe (www.bls.gov).You could also assist doctors and nurses by taking a patient's temperature, blood pressure and pulse rate.
What Skills Do I Need?
According to the National Network of Career Nursing Assistants, CNAs provide up to 90% of the direct care provided to residents of long-term care facilities, which is far more personal contact than most health care professionals (www.cna-network.org). Because you'll be spending a considerable amount of time with patients, you'll need excellent communication skills, emotional stability and the ability to work in a team setting. You're likely to encounter terminally ill and elderly patients as a CNA, so you'll also need to enjoy working with people and have a compassionate, caring attitude.
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