How Do I Become a Homicide Investigator?
Research what it takes to become a homicide investigator. Learn about training, responsibilities and education requirements to find out if this is the career for you. Schools offering Law Enforcement degrees can also be found in these popular choices.
Career Information at a Glance
Homicide investigators use observational skills and procedural techniques to shed light on murder cases. The following chart provides an overview of what you need to know about entering this field.
|Education Required||High school diploma; police academy; bachelor's degree|
|Training Required||On-the-job: start as uniformed officer and work up|
|Education Field of Study||Criminal law; science of forensics; psychology|
|Key Responsibilities||Gather evidence; perform interrogations; testify in court|
|Job Growth (2012-2022)||2%*|
|Average Annual Salary (2013)||$79,030*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
What Is My Role as a Homicide Investigator?
As a detective specializing in homicide, you work closely with uniformed officers, forensic scientists and other law enforcement personnel. Be prepared to work irregular hours when tracking a case or observing a suspect. From crime scene to closed case, you are expected to keep meticulous records that may be used as information in a court of law. You may also obtain evidence, conduct interrogations and provide court testimony as you attempt to bring murderers to justice.
Gain Experience as a Uniformed Officer
As an aspiring homicide investigator, you typically start as a uniformed police officer and work your way up to the detective level. This first step involves attending a police academy basic training program to develop foundational skills. As a cadet, you may receive training in defensive techniques, firearm procedures, emergency vehicle operations, non-lethal weapons use, emergency response, evidence collection and courtroom etiquette.
After developing your street sense and your procedural abilities as a regular officer, you may be eligible for promotion to plainclothes investigator or detective status. Depending on your department and your job performance, this process may take anywhere from six months to three years. You may also need to pass physical and personality tests as well as written examinations.
What Are My Education Requirements?
You need at least a high school diploma to work with most law enforcement agencies, but many officers and aspiring detectives have some college-level experience. You may help your chances of career advancement by completing a 4-year bachelor's degree program in criminal justice, police science or forensics. As a student, you may take courses in criminal law, forensic science, anthropology, criminal psychology and crisis management as well as courses specific to your program of study.
Part of being a successful homicide investigator involves keeping your detective skills sharp and staying current. You may do this through specialty courses offered by police academies or by attending conferences and presentations for homicide investigators. These endeavors can give you networking opportunities with more seasoned investigators as you're exposed to past case histories, forensic methodologies and investigative trends.
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