How Do I Become a Resource Specialist?

Learn about the typical job duties performed by natural resource specialists. Find out education requirements, working conditions and the average salary. Schools offering Wildlife & Forestry Conservation degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

What Skills Do I Need?

You should enjoy working outdoors and be comfortable with a significant amount of physical work. Often, you might endure inclement weather or need to walk long distances. Additionally, you could be expected to work long hours during certain times of the year; for example, foresters often work extended and variable shifts during fire season.

Entry-level jobs may include some on-the-job training, but a bachelor's degree is generally required in order to obtain a position in the field. If you're interested in conducting research or teaching at the university level, you should pursue a graduate degree.

What Educational Programs Are Available?

Baccalaureate programs are available in a wide range of majors; you might pursue a degree in forestry, environmental sciences, rangeland management, natural resource management, agricultural science or biology. Forestry is one of the most widely available options, and areas of emphasis include forest resource management, forest ecology and public policy. In addition to coursework in the natural sciences, most programs require fieldwork in order to earn your degree.

Master's degrees are also common in the field of environmental science; you might pursue a Master of Natural Resources or a Master of Science in Environmental Science. Since graduate programs are frequently tailored to the interests of individual students, your studies will likely be dictated by your goals. Most programs require completion of a final project or thesis paper; you can often earn a master's degree in two years.

What Are My Duties?

Specific tasks vary widely by job and specialty; you could find yourself collecting data, planting seedbeds or maintaining roads and park facilities. Soil conservationists apply soil and water conservation techniques in order to preserve lakes or ponds and prevent erosion; foresters might supervise firefighting efforts during forest fires or help manage forest wildlife ecosystems. Additional duties might include enforcing state or national park policies.

Where Could I Work?

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), you are likely to work for a local or state government agency as well as the federal government ( The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the USDA's Forest Service, the Natural Resource Conservation Service and the U.S. Department of the Interior's Bureau of Land Management are common employers for natural resource specialists. National parks and forests in the U.S. are concentrated in the southeastern and western states, and jobs in forestry are more widely available in those areas. However, other areas, such as urban forestry, soil conservation and natural resource exploration, have jobs scattered in many states.

How Much Could I Earn?

The BLS reports that conservation scientists earned a median annual salary of $60,160 in 2009. During the same year, foresters made a median annual wage of $53,840. The top paying states for conservation scientists in 2009 included Montana, South Dakota and Alaska; foresters were paid top wages in states like California, New Jersey and Illinois during this time.

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