How to Become a Pediatric Nurse in 5 Steps
Find out about the types of jobs you could pursue in pediatric nursing. Read on to learn more about career options along with education, salary and licensure information. Schools offering Nursing degrees can also be found in these popular choices.
Career Information At a Glance
As a pediatric nurse, you'll provide nursing care to sick and healthy children. Registered nurses provide basic nursing care while nurse practitioners provide advanced nursing care to child patients. The following chart gives you an overview about careers in pediatric nursing.
|Registered Nurse (RN)||Nurse Practitioner (NP)|
|Degree Required||Diploma, associate's degree or bachelor's degree||Master's degree or doctoral degree|
|Education Field of Study||Registered nurse||Nurse practitioner|
|Key Responsibilities||Administer prescribed vaccinations, medication and treatment; operate medical equipment; monitor patient status and vital signs; maintain patient records||Examine patients; perform and order diagnostic testing and analyze results; make diagnoses; prescribe and administer medication and treatment|
|Licensure and/or Certification||RN licensure is required in all states; professional certification in pediatrics is available||RN licensure is required in all states; professional certification in pediatric nurse practitioner is available|
|Job Growth (2012-2022)||19%*||34%*|
|Median Salary (2013)||$66,220*||$92,670*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
What Does a Pediatric Nurse Do?
Along with running diagnostic tests, you'll administer immunizations and make initial readings of test results. Comforting families, answering questions and consulting with pediatricians are a few instances where you'll use communication skills. Your duties may include monitoring children of all ages, discussing medical history with parents and assisting pediatricians in procedures.
Step 1: Earn a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN)
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that you must have an associate's or bachelor's degree to become a nurse (www.bls.gov). While an associate's degree is sufficient to become a registered nurse (RN), a bachelor's degree program in nursing prepares you for career advancement and for opportunities in more specialized nursing areas. You'll study pharmacology, medical terminology, healthcare systems, anatomy, physiology, psychology and health assessment. If you're already an RN and you've completed clinical training, you may be able to find an RN-to-BSN program online.
Step 2: Complete a Clinical Experience
Many undergraduate degree programs include clinical practica in nursing. This experience allows you to practice common nursing duties and patient care skills. You'll learn common medical terms and coding used in hospitals and physicians' offices.
Step 3: Become Certified as a Nurse
The first step to becoming a certified pediatric nurse is to become a registered nurse (RN). The National Council of State Boards of Nursing provides the NCLEX-RN and NCLEX-PN (to become a licensed practical nurse) licensing examinations. You can sit for this exam at any Pearson VUE testing center; locations can be found on the Pearson VUE website (www9.pearsonvue.com).
Step 4: Earn a Master's Degree
If you're interested in becoming an advanced-practice pediatric nursing practitioner (PNP), you'll need to continue your education through a master's degree program in pediatric care. PNPs' jobs differ from those of pediatric nurses, in that PNPs perform much more advanced procedures, and they wore more closely with physicians than do pediatric RNs. Some colleges offer different pediatric programs in acute nursing or primary care. This program teaches you the essentials of working with children and adolescents. Not only will you focus on the basics of nursing, but you'll also learn about the illnesses and diseases children are commonly diagnosed with. Health promotion skills are also essential to your education. You'll also complete a clinical with a pediatric care unit.
Step 5: Become Certified
Unlike nursing licenses, certification can be obtained through a number of sources. The two accepted certifications come from the Pediatric Nursing Certification Board (PNCB) and the American Nurses Credentialing Center. The PNCB offers five pediatric nursing certifications, including one for pediatric nurses and two for PNPs (www.pncb.org). To earn the Certified Pediatric Nurse designation, you'll need to be a licensed RN, and you'll have to prove that you've worked in a pediatric nursing capacity for at least 1800 hours during the past two years. PNP certification is available in both primary care and acute care, and for this level you'll need to hold RN licensure and be a graduate of a master's or doctoral degree-level PNP program. The ANCC's certifications are similar, and they have requirements comparable to the PNCB's certifications.
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