What Are the Different Types of Journalism?

If you love storytelling and being 'in the know,' then a career as a journalist may be right for you. Journalists serve an important role in society by informing the public of events happening around the world. This article looks at the various fields you could enter for a career in journalism. Schools offering Journalism degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

Requirements for a Journalist

While there are many different kinds of journalism, the field itself has some common requirements. Journalists should be curious, adventurous, talkative, and comfortable working under strict deadlines. Most jobs require at least a bachelor's degree in communications or journalism, and an internship or work experience at a college newspaper or television station will be helpful.

Important Facts About Journalism

Median Salary (2014) $36,000 (for Reporters and Correspondents)
Required Education Bachelor's degree
Job Outlook (2012-2022) 13% decline
Work Environment Investigative field work, studios, variable weather, work office, collaborative setting

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Types By Medium

Some journalists define themselves by the way they tell their stories. They may not stick to one particular area of the news, instead covering lots of different topics, but generally using the same medium.

Print Journalism

Print journalists usually report for newspapers or magazines. They may be full-time reporters for one particular publication or freelance writers who contribute to a variety of different publications. Oftentimes a print journalist will be paired with a photojournalist who will take pictures to complement the written story.


Photojournalists are different from traditional photographers in that they are more interested in capturing images that tell a story than ones that just look nice. Photojournalists are generally highly-trained photographers who may have worked in a traditional photography medium like wedding photography before transitioning into journalism.

Broadcast Journalism

Broadcast journalism encompasses both television and radio news. There are two ways that journalists can be involved in broadcast journalism: behind the scenes or on the air. Journalists working behind the scenes do a lot of research and reporting, but their faces or voices will not be broadcast. Journalists who work on the air may do their own reporting or read stories crafted by their colleagues.

Multimedia Journalism

This is the newest field of journalism and also the fastest-growing. Multimedia journalism can encompass all the fields listed above because a web page can have a written story, still photos, video, and audio. Multimedia journalists are encouraged to have a wide set of storytelling abilities, as well as highly defined technical skills.

Types By Message

Some journalists define themselves not by the medium that they use to tell their stories but the kind of stories they tell. Oftentimes journalists are assigned 'beats,' particular topics that they will cover exclusively. These journalists have the opportunity to develop a high level of expertise in their beats and develop valuable contacts in the field. Some popular beats include:

  • Sports
  • Business
  • Politics
  • Arts and culture
  • Education
  • Crime

To continue researching, browse degree options below for course curriculum, prerequisites and financial aid information. Or, learn more about the subject by reading the related articles below:

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