What Is Esthetics Technology?

Within esthetics technology, you help people improve skin conditions and get healthy, glowing skin. You care for the skin of the face and body. To learn more about the job duties, education and licensing, read on. Schools offering Esthetics degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

Career Overview

Sometimes called aestheticians or skin care specialists, estheticians undergo training in both high-tech and low-tech ways of cleansing and rejuvenating skin. As an esthetician, you listen to your client's needs and perform the services that will handle skin conditions or produce the desired look. Your job will also involve handling disinfection and sanitation duties, working around harsh chemicals, and standing for long periods of time.

Job Duties

In this field, you have a choice to work in salon or medical settings. In salon esthetics, you learn an array of techniques and applications that promote clean, radiant skin among a varied client base. This can include performing facials, peels, and masks; removing blackheads or unwanted hair; applying makeup and demonstrating proper makeup application techniques; and instructing clients on the best ways to maintain healthy skin. You may also perform light massage as part of their treatment.

Medical or paramedical esthetics relies on many of the same techniques as salon estheticians, but you'll likely need to have extra training relating to medical science. Instead of working in a salon or spa, you will work for plastic surgeons, dermatologists, and in cancer treatment centers. As a medical esthetician, you would teach clients to care for skin that is compromised in some way, whether by a rash, a burn, or surgery. You might also teach camouflage makeup, which is makeup that hides skin problems or makes up for facial hair loss.


Community and technical colleges offer programs in esthetics that are designed to prepare students to perform esthetic services and meet licensing requirements. These programs vary in the number of hours needed for completion depending on the state's licensing requirements. After entering an esthetics program, you can expect to spend the first part of your training in a classroom, and then move to hands-on applications. Some schools also structure their classes to meet continuing education needs for licensed estheticians.

To work in medical esthetics, you may want to complete a medical esthetics program. However, a general esthetics program may still offer you the training to enter this career.


For licensing purposes, most states don't distinguish between salon and medical estheticians. Most states offer a general esthetician license, which is required for anyone working in an esthetician position. Licensing requirements generally require meeting a minimum level of education. This can be as little as 350 hours or more than 600. In most cases, you will be required to pass both a written and practical exam. In some states, esthetician licenses are offered only as part of a cosmetology license.

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