What Is Security Management?
Security management is a broad field that encompasses everything from the supervision of security guards at malls and museums to the installation of high-tech security management systems designed to protect an organization's data. Read on to learn more about this field and get examples of the types of security management in place today. Schools offering Security Management degrees can also be found in these popular choices.
Security Management Overview
Security management relates to the physical safety of buildings, people and products, as well as information, network and telecommunications systems protection. Professionals working in security management can range from guards who protect buildings to IT professionals who develop high-tech network systems and software applications. According to the Occupational Information Network, reported job titles in this field include security directors, managers of security infrastructure, physical security supervisors and safety systems support managers.
Physical Security Management
Professionals working in physical security management could be responsible for assessing security risks and developing strategies to prevent or mitigate threats, such as terrorist threats, fires or break-ins, that can harm people and property. They also design emergency response plans should these events occur, assess program effectiveness and familiarize their coworkers with an organization's security protocol.
Department of Homeland Security
The Department of Homeland Security is one such agency responsible for security management. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 established guidelines to prevent terrorist attacks in the United States. Their mission is to minimize damage and assist the nation in recovery from terrorist attacks. It has set in place such security management systems as wiretapping and internet monitoring to accomplish its goals.
Information Security Management
One of the largest challenges to security management is through IT and computer networked systems. Professionals working in this sector attempt to ensure the integrity of individual or organizational data via tools used to classify information, prevent unauthorized access to networked systems and ward off computer viruses and other threats.
Federal Information Security Management Act
According to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the E-Government Act (Public Law 107-347) that was passed by the 107th Congress and signed into law in December 2002 sets forth guidelines for an effective information security system. These guidelines include:
- A security plan
- Guidelines for assigning security responsibilities to the appropriate official
- The periodic review of security systems
- The authorization of security systems before implementation
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