What Is an Animal Science Major?
Research what it takes to work in animal science. Learn about the education requirements, job duties, job outlook and salary for potential careers in this field to find out if majoring in animal science is right for you. Schools offering Animal Care degrees can also be found in these popular choices.
Career Information At a Glance
An animal science major can provide you with an in-depth knowledge of animal health, animal behavior, farm management and livestock production. Those who study animal science can pursue a variety of jobs involving the care of animals, though some positions require additional education beyond the bachelor's degree. The following chart provides an overview of what you need to know about entering this field.
|Animal Scientist||Zookeeper||Veterinary Technologist|
|Degree Required||Bachelor's degree followed by a Ph.D.||Bachelor's degree||Bachelor's degree|
|Education Field of Study||Animal science, biology||Animal science, zoology, nutrition||Animal science, veterinary technology|
|Key Responsibilities||Researching advancements in animal genetics, conducting experiments, breeding animals, advising farmers||Feeding and training animals, educating zoo visitors||Assisting veterinarians in providing medical treatment for animals|
|Job Growth (2012-22)||9%*||15%* for all non-farm animal caretakers*||30% for vet technologists and technicians*|
|Average Salary (2013)||$72,930*||$22,510 for all non-farm animal caretakers*||$31,760 for vet technologists and technicians*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
What Will I Study In an Animal Science Bachelor's Degree Program?
An animal science program teaches you topics including animal care, livestock production, breeding and animal disease control. A major in animal science prepares you to work in a variety of fields, including animal behavior, veterinary sciences, agriculture and biotechnology. Your program will likely offer concentrations in pre-veterinary care, the animal industry or exotic animals. With this degree, you'll have a range of career options, whether you're interested in conservation or game populating.
What Will the Curriculum Look Like?
In a bachelor's degree program in animal science, you may take courses, not only in science, but also in business and marketing. You will gain communication and management skills in addition to a solid knowledge of animal anatomy and physiology. Depending on the area in which you want to specialize, you may focus on studying domestic animals, animal breeding, zoo keeping or agriculture. An animal science major often includes studies in the following subjects:
- Organic chemistry
- Animal physiology
- Exotic animals
- Domestic animals
- Cell biology
- Animal diseases
- Farm management
- Animal genetics
- Genetic engineering
- Animal nutrition
- Animal behavior
What Careers Can I Consider?
According to the American Society of Animal Science, there are more than 500 kinds of jobs available for animal science degree programs (www.asas.org). Typical careers pursued by graduates of an animal science major include veterinarian assistant, animal breeding technician, animal caretaker (usually a specialization in one kind of animal, swine, cattle, equine, etc.), lab technician, zookeeper, livestock manager, public relations specialist, marketer, kennel keeper, gamekeeper, meat processor, pet safety educator or habitat specialist.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that animal scientists made an average annual salary of $72,930 as of May 2013. Non-farm animal caretakers, including zookeepers, averaged $22,510 (www.bls.gov) in 2013, and veterinary technologists and technicians averaged $31,760 that same year.
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