Aspiring clinical and medical lab technicians can choose from a variety of associate's degree programs, depending on their interests and career goals. Virology, microbiology, general chemistry, cytology and all other lab specialties require their own specialized degree program to teach students the needed professional skills. There are also general laboratory degree programs for students not yet ready to declare a specialty. Students may also complete a bachelor's degree in chemistry, biology, microbiology, physics or a related field and then complete a career training program before working in a clinical or medical laboratory. Bachelor's degree holders may have higher salaries and will also have increased opportunities for career advancement.