Careers in Internet Technology
Find out about the types of jobs you could pursue in the field of internet technology. Read on to learn more about common education requirements and career options, as well as salary and job outlook information.
What Is An Internet Technology Professional?
The field of internet technology consists of all aspects of hardware and software needed to create computer networks. Due to the sheer number of people who access the internet each day, the industry has grown dramatically over the last two decades, and many job options are available in order to keep up with changing technology. Computer network architects create Internet and intranet systems within an organization. Network and computer systems administrators ensure that an organization's networks, hardware, and software are functioning properly on a daily basis. Web developers create attractive, navigable websites. The chart below provides you with an outline of important information to know about entering this growing field.
|Web Developer||Network and Computer Systems Administrator||Computer Network Architect|
|Degree Required||Associate's degree||Bachelor's degree||Bachelor's degree|
|Field of Study||Web design, computer science or related field||Computer or information science or related field||Computer science, information systems, engineering or related field|
|Key Responsibilities||Write computer code, develop and design websites, collaborate with designers and clients and monitor website traffic||Maintain the daily operation of various networks, preserve network security, keep computer systems up-to-date and install updates and assist when network problems arise||Build computer data communication networks, design networks, figure out what technology will best serve networks and collaborate with various organizations that require networks|
|Job Outlook (2018-2028)||13%*||5%*||5%*|
|Median Salary (2018)||$69,430*||$82,050*||$109,020*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
What Types of Jobs Are Available to Me?
Because billions of users worldwide access millions of web pages each day and the industry has grown dramatically over the past two decades, there is an increasing demand for professionals with a background in computer science or equivalent field. There are many components needed in order to successfully run a computer network, and jobs in internet technology are continually changing to keep up with the newest technologies, thus there are many opportunities available to you.
If you enjoy managing technical aspects and would like to create and design sites, you could become a web developer. As a computer network architect, you could plan and configure computer networks. As a network and computer systems administrator, you install and provide support to computer systems within an organization. As a webmaster, you maintain websites by ensuring availability and analyzing user activity.
What Education Do I Need?
To work in most positions in internet technology, you must have at least a bachelor's degree; you might wish to major in computer science, information technology or computer engineering. Master's degree programs specifically geared toward internet technology are also available. Once enrolled, you learn about frontend development, internet security, information architecture, scripting, coding and project management. To work as a webmaster, you may only need an associate's degree or certificate - these might focus on becoming a webmaster or on internet technology in particular.
What Are My Job Prospects?
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), you can expect significant growth in most jobs related to internet technology. Web developer jobs are predicted to grow 13% between 2018 and 2028, according to the BLS. Careers in internet technology are therefore some of the fastest growing occupations in the nation, due to continued growth in users and data transmitting.
What Could I Earn?
As a network and computer systems administrator, you could earn a median wage of $82,050, according to May 2018 data provided by the BLS. Web developers earned a median salary of $69,430 during the same time. Computer network architects earned a median wage of $109,020 as of May 2018, according to the BLS. Salaries vary widely according to experience, industry and location.
What Are Some Alternative Related Careers?
Several other careers are available in the field of computer technology. IT managers set technology goals for an organization and act to meet those goals. They might head a team including computer systems analysts, information security analysts, computer support specialists, and software developers. Computer systems analysts consider how to improve the current computer technology in use to be more efficient. Information security analysts evaluate a system's networks and data to protect it from cyberattacks. Computer support specialists aid either employees or customers in using and troubleshooting computer technology. Software developers develop the systems and applications used on computers for both work and play. A degree in computer science or a related field might apply to any of these careers, although some higher positions, such as IT manager, may also require previous work experience.