What Is ASP .NET?

If you are interested in a career in information technology and would like to specialize in web development or web design, you will want to be familiar with coding ASP.NET. Developed by Microsoft and built on the .NET Framework, ASP.NET is a web application platform that enables you to build powerful websites and web applications. Learn more about it here. Schools offering Digital Design degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

Overview of ASP.NET

Active Server Pages (ASP) is a server side programming language that is a part of Microsoft's .NET Framework. ASP is used to build dynamic web applications. Server side technology means that ASP pages are being processed by the server before they are sent to the browser. Pages that are received from the server and processed by your web browser are defined as client side technology. Client side technologies include HTML, CSS and JavaScript.

ASP.NET is used to make the web pages you view from your browser more interactive, more functional on a practical level and visually more interesting. It interacts with, and manipulates, three principal areas of website creation: web pages, web forms and model-view-controller (MVC).

Important Facts About ASP.NET

Key Skills Application architecture design
User interface development
Troubleshooting and debugging web applications
Security design and implementation
Online Availability .NET documentation is fully available online as are training courses
Possible Careers Web developer, webmaster, network administrator, information systems manager
Continuing Education Microsoft Certified Solutions Developer (MCSD) certification

Web Pages

ASP.NET combines server code with HTML and XML to add familiar web page features such as video, social networking links, automated e-mail functions and images. If, for example, you wanted visitors to your site to be able to upload images, this could be done using ASP.NET.

Web Forms

Web forms turn an HTML code or form into functional, usable data. You might create a form using HTML that is visually appealing on a web page, but without a scripting language such as ASP.NET to work alongside the HTML, the form will not actually do anything.

Programming with ASP.NET allows information to be entered into the form and manipulated in ways that provide usable data. School and college websites would need this kind of functionality, for example, in order to manage student admissions, course creation and instructor assignments. Retail websites that need to effectively manage product inventory and information would require similar features.


MVC offers an alternative to web forms for adding diversity and greater control to a web page. MVC creates applications that are much like web forms. However, it divides an application into three parts: the model, the view and the controller.

MVC is similar in scope to web forms, but it has some advantages. Depending on the particular project you're working on, it may be more beneficial to use one over the other or a combination of the two. Familiarity and experience in creating web applications and the particular needs of the project will determine which will give the best results.


There is no shortage of options available for studying and learning ASP.NET. Associate and 4-year degree programs at many colleges will offer courses wherein you can learn to program using ASP.NET. You will find these courses within computer science programs or information technology programs, as well as in management programs where the emphasis is on management information systems. You might also find a range of business, engineering and trade schools offering certification courses in ASP.NET programming.

In addition to the more structured institutions of study, Microsoft's .NET Framework, on which ASP.NET is built, offers related classes through its .NET class library. This is a significant source of information, and outside institutions will sometimes use these classes as a complement to their own courses of study, or in some cases as the more central feature of the course.

In theory, the .NET library makes it possible to self-teach ASP.NET. Whether you choose this method or a more structured study environment, prior programming knowledge and an understanding of systems will, in most cases, be necessary. Microsoft also offers certification. You may qualify for a credential after successful completion of an examination that requires you to create applications using ASP.NET.


To compete successfully in today's business environment, it is practically a given that companies have a web presence. This is good news for anyone who is interested in a career in computer information sciences or, more specifically, in the field of web development and design.

There are a number of areas in which you would be expected to use or have more than a cursory understanding of ASP.NET. They include positions such as web developer, webmaster and web administrator as well as positions in the field of management information systems. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the employment of web developers was expected to be strong from 2016 to 2026, with a predicted overall employment growth of 15% (www.bls.gov). In 2018, these professionals earned a median salary of $69,430, as reported by the BLS.

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