Become a High School Science Teacher in Ohio

Aspiring high school science teachers in Ohio must meet state requirements for education, examinations, and student teaching in order to apply for a teaching license. Read below for specific information about each requirement. Schools offering Teaching - Math & Science degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

Ohio High School Science Teacher Career Information

High school science teachers can specialize in various areas of the discipline, including earth science, chemistry, physics, and life sciences. Teachers in high schools work with students in grades 9-12, and science teachers are responsible for one or more areas of basic science education, as well as more advanced course offerings such as AP Chemistry. High school science teachers are tasked with helping students learn the underlying principles of scientific research, conduct basic experiments, and evaluate scientific evidence.

Education Required Bachelor's degree and completion of a state-approved teacher preparation program
Exams Required OAE science content exam, OAE Assessment of Professional Knowledge
License Validity Period 5 years; renewable
Credits Required for Renewal 6 semester hours of coursework or 18 CEUs
Mean Salary for All High School Teachers in Ohio (2018) $61,930*
Estimated Job Growth for High School Teachers (2016-2026, nationwide) 8%*

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)

Degree Requirements

Students who wish to teach science at the high school level must complete at least a bachelor's degree program in a related field as well as a state-approved teacher preparation program. Many in-state institutions offer programs that combine both the necessary science courses and teacher education courses. Though available specializations can vary by university, most offer science education degrees with focuses on chemistry, earth science, physics, life sciences, and integrated science. Students should choose their specializations carefully, as this will determine what classes they are eligible to teach upon obtaining a license. For students who wish to be eligible to teach in multiple focus areas, integrated science is the recommended specialization. A degree in integrated science education prepares students to teach across chemistry, physics, earth science, and biology.

If enrolled in a combined science and teacher education degree program, students can also expect to take courses related to classroom instruction, teaching methodologies, pedagogy, and child development and psychology. These courses will prepare students to pass licensure exam requirements and help them learn how to plan and manage their future classrooms. Teacher preparation programs in Ohio also require student teaching, which students must complete prior to applying for a license.

State Examinations

Ohio requires all aspiring science teachers to pass two exams: a content exam and a professional skills exam. For science teachers, the content exam will depend on which specialization each individual took for their degree program. Those who specialized in chemistry would take the OAE 009: Chemistry exam, while integrated science specialists would take 024: Integrated Science. There is also a test for earth science and physics. These exams range from three to four hours and cover subjects such as history of science, scientific principles and methods, and topics related to each individualized area of study.

The professional assessment requirement can be met with the OAE Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Adolescence to Young Adult (7-12). The exam costs $105 to take and lasts for about three hours. Topics covered include classroom management, student development, student assessments, and more.

Applying for Licensure

Once students have completed a bachelor's degree program, teacher preparation program, and passed both state exams, they can apply for their first teaching license. The Department of Education handles all applications, and licenses are good for five years.

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