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Careers in Mathematics and Computer Science

Explore the different careers in mathematics and computer science. Read below and find out the education and training requirements, job facts and salary information.

Careers in Mathematics and Computer Science: Salary and Job Facts

It has been said that mathematics and computer science go hand in hand and that math has been the foundation in creating the field of computer science. Different fields of mathematics such as algorithms, algebra and calculus are used in computer science and its disciplines, which include networking, databases and artificial intelligence. In this article, you will learn about the different careers in mathematics and computer science, the requirements and training needed for these careers and career and salary information.

Computer Network ArchitectsInformation Security AnalystsEconomists
Degree RequiredBachelor's degreeBachelor's degreeMaster's degree or Ph.D.
Training RequiredPrevious work experience in IT systemsPrevious work experience in IT systemsInternship
License and/or CertificationCertifications varyCertification requiredNone
Key ResponsibilitiesBuild data communication networksDevelop cybersecurity protocolsResearch, gather and analyze data on economic issues
Job Growth (2018-2028)*5% (As fast as average)32% (Much faster than average)8% (Faster than average)
Annual Median Salary (2018)*$109,020$98,350$104,340

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

What Are the Education Requirements?

Both computer network architects and information security analysts require a bachelor's degree in computer science, information systems, computer programming or any related field. Some employers look for graduates with a Master of Business Administration (MBA) in information systems for both careers. For economists, a master's degree or Ph.D. is required, but some entry-level jobs in government offices only require a bachelor's degree.

What Kind of Training Is Required?

Computer network architects need to have work experience in information technology systems for at least 5 to 10 years as a computer system administrator, computer systems analyst or database administrator. This kind of work experience is also needed for information security analysts. Economists gain training through internships where they are taught to gather and analyze data and write reports using statistical analysis software.

What Licenses and/or Certifications Do I Need?

Certifications for computer network architects depend on the software firm or product vendor. The Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) is one of the certification programs you can choose, and it focuses on understanding business requirements and developing the technical infrastructure based on these business strategies. For information security analysts, information security certifications such as the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) are often required by many employers as proof of expertise in cybersecurity. Economists do not need licenses or certifications.

What Are the Key Responsibilities?

Computer network architects lay out, design and create data communication networks such as LANs (local area networks), WANs (wide area networks) and cloud infrastructure as well as managing these networks and troubleshooting various issues. Information security analysts develop, plan and carry out security measures and protocols to prevent cyberattacks on the system. Economists research, gather and analyze data on economic issues using statistical analysis software and provide recommendations to solve various economic problems.

How Much Are the Salaries and What Are Other Related Careers?

Computer network architects and information security analysts work for private companies as well as in government, and they earned a median of $109,020 and $98,350 per year, respectively, as of 2018 according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Most economists work for the local, state or federal government, while others work for private corporations and even international organizations and think tanks. Economists earned a median of $104,340 per year as of 2018. Other careers in mathematics and computer science aside from the three mentioned above include cryptographer, software quality assurance engineer and tester, statistician and data scientist.