How Do I Become a Mortician?
Research what it takes to become a mortician. Learn about degree and training requirements, licensure, job duties and salary to find out if this is the career for you. Schools offering Mortuary Science degrees can also be found in these popular choices.
Career Information at a Glance
Morticians prepare the deceased for burial or cremation and organize funeral services. To get a better idea of what's required to enter this career field, take a look at the following chart:
|Degree Required||Associate's degree in mortuary science|
|Training Required||1-3 year apprenticeship|
|Key Skills||Business acumen, compassion, interpersonal skills|
|Licensure||Licensure required in most states|
|Job Growth (2012-2022)||12% (for morticians, undertakers and funeral directors)*|
|Median Salary (2013)||$47,100 (for morticians, undertakers and funeral directors)*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
What a Mortician Does
A mortician, also called a funeral director, is responsible for the posthumous treatment and preparation of the deceased. Morticians must also manage funeral homes as well as organizing funeral services for the loved ones of the deceased. Being a mortician strikes a delicate balance between business, psychology and science.
Education and Training
In the past, most morticians simply received on-the-job training through apprenticeships. However, in order to become a licensed professional mortician these days, it's necessary for you to earn at least an associate's degree in mortuary science. To enroll in a 2-year associate's degree program in mortuary science, you must have either a high school diploma or a GED.
Courses cover mortuary management, marketing, human anatomy, embalming, modern funeral practices and coping with loss. With an associate's degree, you'll be eligible for entry-level positions at funeral homes, mausoleums and cemeteries. Many students choose to continue their education toward bachelor's degrees in mortuary science rather than seeking employment immediately.
Additional requirements include the completion of an apprenticeship program lasting up to three years. In most states, you'll also need to earn a license before you can perform embalming services. This credentialing process typically entails passing a written exam after meeting all education, experience and age requirements.
In order to be a successful mortician, you'll need to combine various skill sets. In order to prepare the deceased for service and burial, you'll need a thorough awareness of human anatomy. You'll also need to know the processes of restorative art, as well as having skills with cremation and burial preparation. A strong business acumen and understanding of business law is necessary for the smooth and professional management of a funeral home. Because dealing with the bereaved is a large part of the job, skills in grief psychology and counseling are mandatory.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the number of jobs available to morticians, undertakers and funeral directors was expected to increase 12% between 2012 and 2022 (www.bls.gov). The median annual wage for these funeral service professionals was $47,100 as of May 2013.
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