How to Become a Surgical Technician in 5 Steps

Explore the career requirements for surgical technicians. Get the facts about education and certification requirements, salary, and potential job growth to determine if this is the right career for you. Schools offering Surgical Technology degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

Career Information At a Glance

Surgical technicians - sometimes known as surgical technologists - assist in surgeries by preparing the operating room and equipment. The following chart gives you an overview about becoming a surgical technician.

Degree Required Post-secondary certificate or associate's degree
Education Field of Study Surgical technology
Key Responsibilities Prepare operating room prior to surgery; clean and sterilize all equipment; prepare patient and set up supplies needed for procedure; count all supplies, sponges, and instruments to ensure all are accounted for after the procedure
Licensure and/or Certification Certification may be required in some states; Certified Surgical Technologist (CST) or Tech in Surgery-Certified (NCCT) or Operating Room Surgical Technician Certification (CORST) credentials are available
Job Growth (2012-2022) 30%*
Median Salary (2013) $42,720*

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

What Is a Surgical Technician?

A surgical technician is a medical support specialist who assists with surgery before, during and after an operation. The equipment you work with includes suction machines, sterilizers, lights and heart monitors. You work under the supervision of a surgeon, surgical nurse or other medical professional.

Before surgery, you clean the operating room, set up instrument trays and equipment, and help surgeons and other team members scrub and dress. During surgery, you help position and drape patients, handle instruments, monitor equipment, maintain a sterile environment and make an ongoing assessment of operating room conditions. After surgery, you might help bandage patients, clean and resupply the operating room, and shut down and store equipment.

Step 1: Earn a High School Diploma

You will need a high school diploma or GED to gain admission to a surgical technician training program. High school courses in mathematics and natural sciences can help prepare you for surgical technology courses. Courses in English, computers and health are also recommended.

Step 2: Earn a Certificate or Associate's Degree

Certificate and associate's degree surgical technician programs train you to prepare and properly use operating room equipment and function as part of a surgical team. Program curricula are built around classroom lectures, lab courses and clinical practicums. Possible courses include medical terminology, surgical technology, surgical procedures and pharmacology. The main differences between a 1-year certificate and a 2-year associate's degree program are that the latter includes a general education component and sometimes has more clinical courses.

Step 3: Consider Certification

Obtaining the Certified Surgical Technologist (CST) credential from the National Board of Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting (NBSTSA) could possibly improve your chances of employment. You're eligible if you've graduated from an accredited surgical technology program. The CST certification exam consists of 25 pretest questions and 175 scored questions covering basic science, equipment care, operating room procedures and administration.

You can also obtain the Operating Room Surgical Technician Certification (CORST) from the National Healthcareer Association. The CORST exam consists of 200 multiple-choice questions that address surgical laws and regulations, disease transmission mechanisms, surgical instruments, sterilization methods and other topics.

The Tech in Surgery-Certified (NCCT) credential is available from the National Center for Competency Testing. The NCCT exam consists of 175 scored items addressing surgical care, intra operative care, post operative care, administration and equipment sterilization and maintenance.

Step 4: Obtain a Job

Approximately 98,500 people worked as technologists in 2012, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics ( From 2012-2022 employment was projected to increase 30% to 127,800. Excluding those who were self-employed, estimates show about 97,930 were employed in 2013. Hospital operating rooms and delivery rooms are the facilities where you're most likely to find work, but outpatient clinics, physicians' offices and dentist offices might have positions for you as well. You could also seek a position directly with a surgeon as part of a private surgical team. The median annual salary of surgical technologists as of May 2013 was $42,720.

Step 5: Advance Your Career

Your advancement options include focusing on a surgical specialty, pursuing additional training or transitioning to a related area. Additional training could enable you to become the first assistant on a surgical team. Certification for first assistants is available from the NBSTSA. Transition opportunities might include managing a hospital's supply department or taking positions with a medical equipment supply firm or an insurance company.

To continue researching, browse degree options below for course curriculum, prerequisites and financial aid information. Or, learn more about the subject by reading the related articles below:

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