What Is an Aesthetician?
An aesthetician or esthetician is a professional who specializes in skincare. Find out about the education, training and licensure required to work in this field, as well as the job duties. Schools offering Esthetics degrees can also be found in these popular choices.
Aestheticians are licensed professionals who provide skincare services and beauty treatments, such facials, makeup applications and hair removal through electrolysis, waxing or other techniques. These workers must complete vocational or post-secondary training from an institution approved by the state. Medical aestheticians work in medical offices and hospitals and must complete additional training.
Important Facts About Skincare Specialists
|Median Salary (2014)||$29,050|
|Key Skills||Stamina, business skills, time-management, tidiness|
|Job Outlook (2014-2024)||12%|
|Similar Occupations||Barbers & hairdressers, massage therapists, manicurists|
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Job Duties & Work Environment
Aestheticians may do everything pertaining to the appearance of the skin, or they may specialize in one skincare technique, such as chemical peels or electrolysis. An aesthetician's job duties include examining a person's skin and recommending lotions and other non-medical health treatments, such as electrolysis for hair removal or microdermabrasion, which is a facial exfoliation treatment. Additionally, aestheticians may provide makeup style and color consultations.
Aestheticians work in salons, spas, resorts, cruise ships and even in retirement or assisted living communities. Medical aestheticians work in hospitals, rehabilitation units and medical offices. According to the BLS, 3 in 10 skin-care specialists were self-employed in 2014.
Education and Training Requirements
Like cosmetologists, aestheticians usually receive training in a cosmetology school or a community or technical college. Schools offer aesthetician and skincare specialist certificate, diploma and 2-year degree programs. Full-time programs can take four months to two years and usually include an internship. Medical aestheticians complete additional bacteriology, anatomy, physiology and other science courses as required by their state.
All states require aestheticians to be licensed before practicing. Aestheticians who perform certain skin care techniques, such as electrolysis, may require an additional license, as do those who practice as medical aestheticians. Licensing requirements vary by state.
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