How Much Do Correctional Officers Make?

Correctional officers are primarily responsible for overseeing prison inmates. Read on to learn more about how you can work as a correctional officer and what factors influence how much you can expect to make. Schools offering Corrections degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

Correctional Officer Salary Overview

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), correctional officers and jailers earned a mean hourly wage of $23.70 as of May 2018 ( The median salary at that time was $44,330 annually. The highest 10% of earners commanded yearly salaries of $76,760 or more, and the lowest 10% of earners commanded salaries of $31,140 or less. Higher salaries are available to correctional officers in supervisory or managerial roles. Such positions are available to those professionals with experience and outstanding performance. Those working in these positions earned a mean annual salary of $68,350 as of May 2018, according to the BLS. Income can also vary by location and experience.

Important Facts About This Occupation

On-the-Job Training Required 200 hours within the first year of employment
Key Skills Good negotiating and interpersonal skills; resourcefulness, self-discipline and physical strength
Similar Occupations Police, detective, probation officer, correctional treatment specialist
Mean Salary (2018) $49,300

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Salary by Employer

According to May 2018 BLS figures, correctional officers and jailers employed by the federal executive branch reported the highest salaries, with average earnings of around $27.67 an hour, or $57,540 a year. State government paid an hourly average wage of $23.98, which totaled $49,870 a year. Local government had the fourth highest average wage of $23.40 an hour, which equaled $48,670 a year. While state and local government had the highest employment levels, the facilities support services industry also employed many of these professionals. This industry's mean wage was $20.23 an hour, which was $42,070 annually.

Salary by Location

The BLS reported in May 2018 that New York, California, Florida, Pennsylvania, and North Carolina had high correctional officer and jailer employment levels. Workers in the states made average wages of $64,490, $75,400, $43,410, $54,140 and $38,500, respectively. In addition, California was included in the top five states for high wages. Other states with high average pay included New Jersey ($70,280), Massachusetts ($67,920), Alaska ($64,670) and Rhode Island ($68,710). Those employed in states that included Kansas, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri and Georgia made lower average salaries of $30,840-$36,760.

Salary by Years of Experience

According to April 2019 data from, correctional officers made $21,494-$43,690 if they had less than five years of work experience. With 5-10 years of experience, they made $27,590-$63,817. Salaries continue to rise to $30,380-$70,704 with 10-20 years of experience.

Job Outlook & Description

The BLS reports that job growth for correctional officers will be nonexistent. In fact, an overall decline of -7% in employment is expected from 2016 to 2026. This decrease is largely a reflection of reduced state budgets and shorter prison terms to combat the high costs of keeping prisoners incarcerated.

As a correctional officer, you'll work in a jail or prison, overseeing those who have been sentenced to jail time or who are awaiting trial after being arrested. Your duties may include admitting new prisoners, supervising prisoners during their stay and releasing prisoners who have completed their sentences. You'll work to ensure that all laws, regulations and rules are followed by prisoners, other correctional officers and visitors. In order to work in this position, you'll need a high school diploma. Some college coursework in criminal justice or a related field can be beneficial but is not likely to be required for entry-level positions. You'll probably need to pass a drug test and background check before starting work. Due to the challenging and stressful nature of working in a jail or prison, you'll also need to meet standards of both physical and mental health.

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