What Education and Training Is Required for a Web Programming Career?

Web programmers create Web applications, multimedia applications, and databases by writing code and managing various tasks associated with application development. Education and training requirements for Web programmers vary depending on whether they specialize in development, software architecture, or management, but they all need to have strong programming language skills. Schools offering Graphics & Multimedia Management degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

Career Overview

To become a Web programmer, you need to master many programming languages, particularly HTML. Typically, web programmers earn bachelor's degrees in computer science before taking full-time positions. They must also stay current with the most recent programming languages through continuing education, professional publications, and online tutorials. The work of Web programmers differs from that of Web designers, who handle layout and aesthetic considerations.

Important Facts about this Career

Key SkillsThe ability to concentrate, be creative, interact with customers, and pay close attention to detail are valued skills in this field.
Similar OccupationsComputer and Information Systems Managers, Computer Programmers, Database Administrators, Graphic Designers, Software Developers
Median Salary (2018) $69,430 (for all web developers)*
Job Outlook (2016-2026) 15% growth which is considered much faster than average (for all web developers)*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics


Web programmers usually need bachelor's degrees or master's degrees in computer science, but education requirements vary from job to job. Programmers should take courses in Internet writing, design, computer systems and networks, and computer programming languages. Community colleges are an excellent resource for learning individual programming languages and online tutorials are useful for beginners.

Skills and Abilities

Web programmers need to know the C++, C#, and Visual Basic programming languages. They should know Java, Javascript, HTML, Perl, and CSS as well. For managing databases, MYSQL and XML are valuable. Web programmers should also be able to work with Web development tools, like Flash and Dreamweaver.


Web programmers can specialize in development, software architecture, project management, and product management. Those who specialize in development write the actual coding for Web applications; software architects plan the overall framework for Web applications. Project and product managers oversee people and resources. Programmers who work for smaller companies might perform several of these roles, whereas Web programmers who work for larger companies have more narrowly defined duties.

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