What Skills Do I Need to Be a Mechanic?
Mechanics are responsible for inspecting, repairing and maintaining cars, buses, trucks, motorcycles and other vehicles. In recent years, the systems and components of these vehicles have become more complex. Mechanics need the skills to work not only with special tools and diagnostic equipment, but also with sophisticated electronics and computer systems.
Skill Requirements for Mechanics
Automotive, diesel and small engine mechanics perform a wide range of services on vehicles that are becoming increasingly complex. As a mechanic, you may find yourself performing tune-ups, flushing fuel systems, testing ignition and emission systems, installing air conditioning systems, replacing brakes and even building engines and transmissions.
You'll need to possess an excellent understanding of these mechanical components and the electrical and computer control systems that can cause them to malfunction. You'll also need excellent diagnostic and problem-solving skills, good hand-eye coordination and manual dexterity.
Important Facts about this Occupation
|Average Salary (2018)||$43,730 per year (for automotive service technicians and mechanics)|
|Job Outlook (2016-2026)||6% job growth expected (for automotive service technicians and mechanics)|
|Training||Most receive on-the-job training|
|Similar Occupations||Bicycle Repairers, Locksmiths and Safe Repairers, Vehicle Inspectors, Power Tool Repairers|
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
The Tools of the Trade
You'll need to learn how to use an array of tools, equipment and instruments to work in this field. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), these may include lathes, welding equipment, pneumatic wrenches, jacks and hoists (www.bls.gov). Mechanics also need to be familiar with the computerized diagnostic equipment used to identify problems.
You may need to use special tools like calipers to measure the condition of brake rotors and drums or bearing pullers to repair flywheels and pumps. You'll also use hand tools such as wrenches and screwdrivers to work in tight spaces and on small components.
Academic and Technical Training
Many technical colleges, vocational schools and community colleges offer certificate, diploma and associate degree programs for individuals who are interested in becoming mechanics. These programs will typically provide you with classroom and hands-on mechanical training. Programs may take from 6 months to 2 years to complete, depending on the level of certificate or degree you are working towards. When you're finished, you can find employment at service stations, automotive dealerships or private repair shops, according to the BLS.
Some associate degree programs can also prepare you to take the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence's (ASE) national certification exam (www.ase.com). This is a nationally recognized credential designed for mechanics with the appropriate combination of training and work experience.