What Are Some Popular Types of Engineering Jobs?
The work of engineers has a huge impact on your daily life. For example, you're reading this article right now through the efforts of a computer hardware engineer and an electrical engineer. Continue reading to learn about some popular engineering jobs.
Popular Careers in Engineering
There are more than 20 different types of engineers, and many of the main engineering fields contain sub-specialties within them. If you're considering engineering as a career, you may want to look into one of these top four fields.
Important Facts About Popular Engineering Jobs
|Civil Engineers||Mechanical Engineers||Environmental Engineers||Biomedical Engineers|
|Required Education||Bachelor's degree||Bachelor's degree||Bachelor's degree||Bachelor's degree|
|Professional Certification||Voluntary; Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) and Professional Engineering (PE) designations available||Voluntary; Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) and Professional Engineering (PE) designations available||Voluntary; Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) and Professional Engineering (PE) designations available||Voluntary; Certified Reliability Engineer (CRE) designation|
|Key Skills||Good judgment and decision making; strong mathematical foundation; problem solving; organization||Creativity, problem solving, astute listening, strong mathematical foundation||Reading comprehension, social nuance, ingenuity, problem solving||Clear communication, analytical thinking, creativity, strong mathematical foundation|
|Similar Occupations||Construction managers, landscape architects, surveyors||Drafters, materials engineers, architectural and engineering managers||Environmental scientists and specialists, hydrologists, natural sciences managers||Biochemists and biophysicists, physicians and surgeons, electrical and electronics engineers|
The ancient Romans who designed roads and aqueducts were civil engineers. If you're interested in building bridges or dams, this is the science discipline for you. Civil engineers also find new ways to improve earthquake safety in buildings. A bachelor's degree can often qualify you for entry-level positions.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), civil engineers can expect their employment to increase by 11% between 2016 and 2026, which is greater than the average for other jobs (www.bls.gov). There were 306,030 civil engineering jobs held as of 2018, which was more than any other engineering specialty. As far as earnings go, the BLS reported that civil engineers made a median salary of $86,640 annually as of May 2018.
Mechanical engineers plan, design and build tools, commercial products and equipment. If you choose this career, you might work with intricate metal parts or manufacture large pieces of machinery, such as refrigerators, automobiles or even robots.
Since there are so many different specialties that you can enter as a mechanical engineer, this field is quite popular. The BLS reported that mechanical engineers held 303,440 jobs as of 2018 and that employment was expected to grow by nine percent from 2016-2026. Mechanical engineers made a median yearly salary of $87,370 as of May 2018.
If you're interested in protecting the planet, the field of environmental engineering can allow you to provide solutions to existing environmental problems that violate public safety or health codes. Some environmental engineers even work to protect wildlife from threats like deforestation, pollution or acid rain.
Due in part to increasing awareness of ecological and health hazards, the demand for environmental engineers is expected to be on the rise, according to the BLS. Positions in this field were expected to increase by 8% between 2016 and 2026. As of May 2018, the BLS reported that environmental engineers brought home median salaries of $87,620 annually.
Biomedical engineering brings together the fields of medicine, biology and engineering. Biomedical engineers design technologies like artificial hearts and MRI machines. You'll need specialized training if you plan on becoming a biomedical engineer, and you may want to consider getting a graduate degree before heading into the job market.
If you decide to become a biomedical engineer, the BLS reported that job openings should be abundant. Although biomedical engineers only held 18,970 jobs as of 2018, the BLS predicted a 7% employment increase for these professionals from 2016-2026 which is as fast as average for all other occupations. As of May 2018, biomedical engineers earned median salaries of $88,550 annually.