What Is Biotechnology?

Biotechnology encompasses the study of living organisms in a large variety of fields. Biotech scientists concentrate on practical applications of biology, including genetics and biomedicine. Schools offering Biotechnology Management degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

Field Overview

Biotechnology is the field studying and developing practical uses of living organisms. Biotech can be high tech gene therapy or the study of microorganisms used in the fermentation of wine. The discipline covers applications that are old and new, familiar to everyone or cutting-edge technology.

Important Facts About Biological Technicians and Biomedical Engineers

Biological TechniciansBiomedical Engineers
Median Salary (2018) $44,500$88,550
Entry-level Education Bachelor's degree Bachelor's degree
Job Outlook (2016-2026) 10% 7%
Work Environment Laboratories and office settings Laboratories and clinical settings

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Medical Research and Development

The best-known area of modern biotechnology is medical research and development. Biotech scientists and technicians work in medical research to study the human body and the way that it functions. People working in the biotechnology field include geneticists, biomedical engineers, and clinical research coordinators.


Most biotechnological scientists have a Ph.D. degree in biology or one of its specializations to work in research and development, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS, www.bls.gov). A Ph.D. degree is necessary for independent research, industrial research, and college teaching. A doctoral degree opens the way to advancement to administrative positions. A master's degree is sufficient for jobs in applied science, product development, management, or inspection. A bachelor's degree in biotechnology qualifies a graduate to work as a biological scientist in testing and inspection.

To continue researching, browse degree options below for course curriculum, prerequisites and financial aid information. Or, learn more about the subject by reading the related articles below:

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Popular Schools

  • Purdue University Global

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  • Trident University

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  • Penn Foster High School

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  • Windward Community College

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    • Hawaii: Kaneohe
  • Westmoreland County Community College

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    • Pennsylvania: Youngwood
  • University of New Haven

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    • Connecticut: West Haven
  • Tompkins Cortland Community College

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    • New York: Dryden
  • Southwestern College

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    • California: Chula Vista
  • Temple College

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    • Texas: Temple