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Becoming a Teacher in Maryland: Certification & Requirements

There are certain steps prospective teachers must take to become certified in Maryland. Read the following guide to find out about the job description and the educational and test criteria for the role.

Maryland Teacher Career Information

To become a teacher in Maryland, you must hold a state-issued certification. This can be achieved by completing a bachelor's degree program that is appropriate to your area of certification along with a state-approved educator program. Further, there are test requirements that you must meet. The table below gives an overview of the education and exam requirements for teachers in Maryland.

Education/Experience Required Bachelor's or a higher degree relevant to the area of certification, state-approved educator program
Exams Required Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators, ACT, SAT or GRE test; Praxis Subject Assessment test
Certification Renewal Period Initial license good for five years, can be renewed if required
CEU Credits Required for Renewal Six semester hours of acceptable credit
Mean Salary $38,440 (preschool); $55,470 (kindergarten); $67,170 (elementary school); $69,710 (middle school); $72,610 (high school)*
Estimated Job Growth (2016-2026, nationwide) 10% (preschool); 7% (kindergarten and elementary school); 8% (middle and high school)*

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)

Job Description

Teachers typically work with students during school hours and prepare lessons during nights and weekends. They contribute in different ways to the various stages of a student's development. Preschool teachers teach language, motor, and social skills to children below the age of five. Kindergarten and elementary school teachers educate young children on subjects such as math and reading to prepare them for middle school. Middle and high school teachers help students build on the fundamentals that they learn in lower grades and teach students skills in areas like science, social studies, math, and language arts that are necessary for college and professional life.

Education and Training Requirements

Prospective teachers must complete a bachelor's degree program relevant to their area of certification; typically, a minimum of 120 semester hours are needed for a major. Applicants must also complete a Maryland approved educator preparation program or similar requirement outlined in the Code of Maryland Regulations (COMAR). These programs require the completion of foundational education courses in addition to six semester hours of reading course requirements for childhood and elementary teachers and 12 for middle and high school teachers.

Exam Requirements

Candidates applying for initial certification must pass the Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators test. The Praxis test covers three subject areas. A minimum score of 150 is needed to pass the mathematics test. For the reading and writing tests, the minimum passing scores are 156 and 162, respectively. Applicants may also satisfy this testing requirement by submitting acceptable ACT, SAT, or GRE test scores. The passing score for the ACT is 24. For the GRE, the minimum score is 297, and 1180 or higher is required for the SAT.

Additionally, applicants have to pass a Praxis Subject Assessment test that measures teaching skills and knowledge of the subject they have chosen to teach. There are several colleges and universities in the state that offer workshops and courses to help them prepare for these tests.

Renewal Requirements

Teachers working in Maryland public schools will have their license renewals processed by their employers. To be eligible for renewal, you must earn at least six semester hours of credit in related coursework during the five-year period of your initial certification. The credits can be earned through a Maryland approved Continuing Professional Development (CPD) program or at a regionally accredited university.