Mathematics involves the use of algorithms and formulas to solve problems and answer questions pertaining to anything from finance to science. You can use your education and training in mathematics to pursue careers across many different fields. Read on for information about employment and education program options.

Are Studies in Mathematics for Me?


With a career in mathematics you can use numbers and abstract concepts to solve everyday problems. An undergraduate degree in mathematics can be a jumping off point for careers across many fields, from finance to teaching. You can also go on to graduate school and consider a career in academia.

Job Options

Although there are endless career possibilities for mathematics graduates, teaching is a popular career choice for many individuals. Some mathematics majors who pursue post-graduate education in the field go on to become mathematicians and work as part of economics, engineering or information technology staffs. Some mathematicians are also work as a professors and researchers at colleges and universities.

Employment Info

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (, from 2012-2022, jobs are predicted to increase 12% for elementary and middle school teachers and 6% for high school teachers. Employment is predicted to increase 23% for mathematicians and 11% for postsecondary mathematical science teachers during that same decade.

Elementary school teachers earned median pay of $53,090 in 2012, per the BLS; middle school teachers earned $53,430, and high school teachers earned $55,050. The BLS also reported that mathematicians earned median pay of $101,360 in 2012, and postsecondary mathematical science teachers earned $64,990.

How Can I Find a Job in Mathematics?


Your educational career in mathematics can take anywhere from four years to complete a bachelor's degree in mathematics, to more than eight years to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics. As a math student, you may take courses such as trigonometry, algebra, probability, calculus and vector analysis. You may also spend time examining and analyzing stock models, developing algorithms for computer-aided design and learning methods for teaching mathematics at different levels.

Other Programs

Along with their mathematics studies, some students may choose to complete diplomas or certificates in related fields like finance, business or teaching. Additional education can assist you in acquiring further career-specific knowledge and skills. For instance, a teaching certificate program can help prepare you for state licensure, covering topics like classroom management, testing and measuring, educational technology applications and educational psychology. A business diploma, on the other hand, can prepare you for a variety of management positions with courses such as interpersonal relationships, organizational behavior and leadership.

Licensing and Certification

Public school teachers - from elementary to high school grades - are typically required to hold licensing and certification. Requirements for these credentials, and the timeline for acquiring them, varies by state.

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