Logic

Logic is the study of formal reasoning, often considered the starting point of philosophy, mathematics and computer science. Read on to find out more about careers and degrees directly linked to this field.

Is Logic for Me?

Career Overview

As a logician, you acquaint yourself with first-order logic, set theory, metalogic, the philosophy of mathematics, computer programming logic and other practices. You may pursue many professorial careers with a background in logic, or work in the private sector in computers or digital logic design. Other fitting careers for your logical mind could include the law or math professions. All these fields require top-notch quantitative reasoning and active learning skills.

Employment

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the median salary for mathematicians was $101,360 in 2012 (www.bls.gov). In the same year, the median salary for computer and information research scientists was $102,190; lawyers earned a median of $113,530. Additionally, the BLS expected the mathematician and computer and information research scientist professions to grow 23% and 15%, respectively, from 2012 to 2022, both of which are faster than average. The BLS also predicts that for lawyers, the anticipated job growth rate is 10% from 2012-2022, which is about average compared to other occupations.

How Can I Work in Logic?

Education

Degrees specifically in logic are not available. Instead, you choose a degree relevant to how you wish to apply logic in a future position, whether that be as a mathematician, philosopher, lawyer or computer scientist.

At a 4-year college or university, a political science degree will steep you in various kinds of logical inquiry, a mathematics degree will help you develop an understanding of logical systems, problems and proofs, while a computer programming major will apply logic to the building and interfacing of computer software and hardware. Taking courses in one or more of these fields may enhance your career opportunities, and classes in philosophy, computer science and pre-law could also be useful. Don't forget to attend and get involved with colloquia, symposiums, student groups and philosophical societies, as well as maintain good contacts to boost your résumé.

Next, if you're interested in studying logic for its own sake as a logician, you should consider a 2-year master's program in philosophy or a 4-year Ph.D. in Philosophy program. Many logicians work as professors at universities, where they teach undergraduate courses and do supplementary work related to mathematics and artificial intelligence.

A Juris Doctor is the professional degree for lawyers. After earning a bachelor's degree, you'll need to take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). Once you gain acceptance, you'll complete three years of coursework to obtain your law degree. Passing your state's bar exam will make you officially a lawyer. Nearly all states require the 6-hour Multistate Bar Examination (MBE), and most require an additional 3-hour Multistate Essay Examination (MEE), among other requirements, in order to pass the bar.

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