What Is Exercise Science?

The goal of exercise science is facilitating an understanding of the links between fitness, exercise, diet and health. In this article, we'll explore this topic. Read on to discover more information about the jobs that an exercise scientist might hold and the possible curriculum of a degree program in exercise science. Schools offering Exercise Science degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

About Exercise Science

Exercise science studies how exercise and the human body interact. The discipline provides a scientific approach to fitness, allowing people opportunities to objectively understand the physiology of exercise as well as its benefits and results.

Important Facts About a Career in Exercise Science

Median Salary (2014) $46,270 (exercise physiologists)
Job Outlook (2014-2024) 21% growth (athletic trainers and exercise physiologists)
Education Requirements Bachelor's degree (athletic trainers and exercise physiologists)
Professional Certification Clinical, health fitness, and specialty certifications available through the American College of Sports Medicine

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

History of Exercise Science

The discipline of exercise science dates back to significant studies in the early 20th century, when bone transformation, muscle fibers, and exercise testing were being analyzed, particularly at resurgence of the Olympic games. Through the 20th century, the effect of exercise on heart rate, hemoglobin and the lungs were assessed. Capillary physiology, fat fuels, body heat, oxygen consumption and exercise at altitude research also emerged. Notably, insulin was synthesized as a formal treatment for diabetes at this time. By the later half of the era, multiple organizations were launched to promote fitness awareness and provide resource materials on topics like aerobics and jogging. Modern research included women and the elderly, as opposed to just men.

Topics in Exercise Science

The College Board describes exercise science as a discipline that encompasses the anatomy of the human body, physical conditioning, diet and nutrition, injury prevention and sports. Some exercise science degree programs allow students to further specialize in concentrations such as sports management, kinesiology, athletic training and physical therapy. Exercise science curricula might include chemistry, physiology, fitness programming and biology subjects.

Careers in Exercise Science

According to the American College of Sports Medicine, the largest exercise science organization, a number of potential career areas exist in the discipline. Sports nutritionists guide athletes to make sure they're getting the right kinds of food to help them perform at their absolute best. Athletic trainers work with teams and in schools to prevent and treat injuries in sports. Biomechanists perform research and study the physics of sports and exercise activity. They have also begun to find a place in industry where they design ergonomic workplaces. Similarly, Occupational physiologists assist employees by promoting fitness and preventing on-the-job injuries.

To continue researching, browse degree options below for course curriculum, prerequisites and financial aid information. Or, learn more about the subject by reading the related articles below:

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