What Is a Junior EMT?

Many local, emergency medical service (EMS) agencies have junior EMT programs that can provide children with valuable EMT training and experience. Read on to find out about the responsibilities and program requirements. Schools offering Fire & Emergency Services degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

Junior EMT Program Overview

Junior EMT's are adolescents that complete a junior EMT program and volunteer in their local community. Junior EMT programs are designed to help increase the number of applicants for EMT positions. These programs are usually developed around local and state laws, regulations and restrictions. The details of a program, such as the age of program participants and the program requirements, are usually guided by the law. Some states have specific laws pertaining to the minimum age of riders in an ambulance, work hour restrictions, or exposure to situations that may be encountered during EMS runs.

The main goal of a junior EMT program is to show participants what it's like to work as an EMT and help them transition to the active career when they reach legal age.

Important Facts about Junior EMT Training

Program Career Explorer
Prerequisites Following acceptance into the program, participant must complete basic training with local EMTs before participating in job duties
Possible Careers Firefighter Medic, EMT
Continuing Education Skills needed for certification exam
Median Salary (2018) $34,320 (for all EMTs and Paramedics)  
Job Outlook (2016-2026) 15% growth (for all EMTs and Paramedics

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Junior EMT Requirements

Requirements are set by each agency sponsoring the Junior EMT program. Most programs have a minimum age requirement, often range from age 14-17. Usually participants must have written approval to join the program from a parent or guardian. Programs may also require a minimum grade point average. Other requirements that may be imposed on participants include having a clean driving record, passing a background check, passing a drug screening, and completing a physical examination.

Participants' Roles

At first, participants usually go through a training process. They may learn about common job duties, emergency situations, and job stress. Participants may also be trained in areas including cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), first aid, and rescue operations.

From there, participants serve as junior volunteer EMTs. While on duty, a participant may assist emergency personnel with rescues, provide basic first aid, assess patients, and ride in ambulances to observe rescue operations. The program may also involve running through training drills, participating in community outreach programs, and doing community service projects to share what is being learned in the program.

The exact activities in a program and the duties of participants are based on regulations and laws. Participants within a program may have different responsibilities based on age. Program managers may assign duties based on the abilities and maturity level of each individual participant.

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