How to Become an OBGYN in 5 Steps

How long does it take to become an OBGYN? Research what it takes to pursue this career. Learn about education, training, and licensure requirements to find out if this is the career for you. Schools offering Health Science degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

How to Become an OBGYN

Experts in female anatomy and physiology, OBGYNs or obstetrician/gynecologists work exclusively with women to provide care related to the reproductive system and pregnancy. They perform routine tests and check-ups on women to make sure their reproductive organs are healthy and working properly. They also work with pregnant women and provide care throughout their pregnancy and also deliver babies. Some OBGYNs may work exclusively with older women who are going through hormonal changes and menopause. The following chart provides an overview about becoming an OBGYN.

Degree Required Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
Training Required 4-year OBGYN residency
Key Responsibilities Conduct physical examination and provide medical care for women's reproductive health; diagnose reproductive health issues and prescribe medication and treatments; monitor pregnancy and attend childbirth; counsel women on reproductive issues such as birth control
Licensure or Certification All states require doctors to be licensed; board certification in obstetrics and gynecology is available
Job Growth (2018-2028) 2% (for obstetricians and gynecologists)*
Median Salary (2019) $219,310 (for obstetricians and gynecologists)**

Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS); **

What Is an OBGYN?

An OBGYN specialty allows them to deal with such medical issues as breast cancer and childbirth. They typically perform hysterectomies, ultrasounds and laparoscopies, as well as treat conditions like mesothelioma, menopause, infertility and fibroids.

Steps to Becoming an OBGYN

How Long Does it Take to Become an OBGYN?

Including a bachelor's degree, medical school, and residency, becoming an OBGYN requires a significant amount of education. Although it may be slightly more or less, most physicians and surgeons of every kind generally require a total of eight years of postsecondary education, including a bachelor's degree and medical school, along with three to seven years of residency.

OBGYN Educational Requirements

Step 1: Graduate From High School

Preparing to become an obstetrician and gynecologist begins with a high school education. Taking science and math classes like physics, chemistry, and biology can help lay the foundation for your undergraduate studies. You'll want to maintain high grades to qualify for undergraduate programs.

Step 2: Earn a Bachelor's Degree

Although there is no OBGYN major, you can focus many undergraduate majors on a pre-medicine track to prepare for medical school with courses in anatomy, chemistry, biology, genetics, and physics. If you take enough science electives to satisfy medical school prerequisites, you won't necessarily need a science-related major.

Step 3: Go to Medical School

The next step to pursuing a career as an OBGYN requires attending medical school. In order to enroll at a typical U.S. medical school, you must score high on the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), a program of the Association of the American Medical Colleges. Taken electronically, it contains four sections dealing with physical sciences, verbal reasoning, writing, and biological sciences (

For the first two years of medical school, you'll take in-depth science courses and learn medical terminology and practices. In the third and fourth years, you'll undergo hands-on training at a clinic or hospital. A rotation in obstetrics and gynecology will be a part of your clinical experience while earning your M.D.

OBGYN Further Requirements

Step 4: Complete Your OBGYN Residency

You'll apply to and complete a four-year residency in obstetrics and gynecology to gain experience in preventive and primary care, patient diagnosis, and surgical procedures. As a resident OBGYN, your responsibilities and duties will increase each year. You'll likely spend long hours at the hospital or clinic and respond to unexpected emergencies, such as births, at all hours of the night.

Step 5: Become Licensed and Certified

All physicians, including OBGYNs, must become state licensed. Prior to becoming licensed, you'll need to be supervised in order to practice medicine. You'll need to pass the United States Medical Licensing Exam. For certification through the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (, you must pass two board exams. The first exam is a lengthy written exam, taken immediately after completing residency. Upon passing it, you must practice in women's health care before taking an oral exam given by a panel of professors. You also may consider seeking a fellowship and certification in a subspecialty, such as maternal-fetal medicine or gynecologic oncology.

What Are Some Related Alternative Careers?

For individuals who are interested in obstetrics and gynecologists but don't want to commit to going to school for as long, they also could pursue careers as nurses and get jobs working with OBGYNs. There are other possible medical professions individuals could pursue, like becoming a physician's assistant, a podiatrist, or a chiropractor.

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