What Are the Job Duties of School Administrators?

School administrators play integral roles in ensuring schools function smoothly. They are involved in nearly all aspects of their school's operation. The article that follows describes the job duties of school administrators in detail. Schools offering College Administration & Leadership degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

Duties and Responsibilities

School administrators at the elementary, middle, and high school levels include principals, assistant principals, and other professionals who help operate schools, either on the school's campus or at the school district's central office. The items listed below are some of the job duties for which school administrators are responsible:

  • Coordinate class curricula
  • Set school budgets
  • Help with behavior management

Important Facts About School Principals

Required EducationMaster's degree
LicenseRequired by most states for public schools
Key SkillsLeadership, problem-solving, interpersonal, communication
Similar OccupationsTeacher, school counselor, instructional coordinator, childcare center director

Coordinate Class Curricula

One main job duty of school administrators is helping teachers structure the curricula for their classes. An administrator helps teachers align their lesson plans with content found on federal and state standardized tests for the class's age group. They also make sure that class curricula discuss material mandated by the school district, such as particular books for literature classes.

Set School Budgets

School administrators are responsible for overseeing their school's budget. They need to make sure that each department receives adequate funding without spending more money than the school is allotted. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS, www.bls.gov) mentions that principals are in charge of requesting funding to obtain additional money from the school district or local residents to spend on school programs.

Assist with Student Behavior Management

Principals and assistant principals are responsible for meeting with teachers and parents to help keep students' behavior under control. School administrators usually make rules and procedures that cover the entire school as well as behavior plans for individual students who regularly cause trouble. Administrators also help design programs to keeps schools safe and free of drugs and alcohol.

Employment and Salary Outlook

The BLS published in May 2014 the median annual salary earned by education administrators in elementary and secondary schools as $89,540. Administrators living in New Jersey, Connecticut and New York earned the most money in 2014, averaging $124,400, $117,950, and $113,200 a year, respectively. The employment of elementary, middle, and high school principals is projected by the BLS to increase by an approximate six percent during the 2014-2024 decade, an average rate for all occupations.

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