What Is Health Science?

The overall goal of health science is the improvement of human and animal health through scientific research. Read on for more information regarding this discipline. Schools offering Biomedical Engineering Technology degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

Health Science Basics

Health science encompasses a variety of sub-disciplines, all of which relate to the application of science to health. Both traditional Western and alternative medicine can be considered health sciences. Because humans have always needed to deal with illness, it could be said that health science has existed for as long as humans have. The field includes the study of medicine, nutrition and other health-related issues and the affect they may have on both humans and animals.

Important Facts About Health Science Careers

Degree Levels Associate's, bachelor's
Degree Fields General Health Science Studies, Kinesiology, Physical Therapy, Pre-Medicine, Nutrition & Wellness Studies
Common Courses Health Care Ethics, Biology, Anatomy & Physiology, Public Health
Possible Careers K-12 Health Educator, Fitness Worker, EMT, Athletic Trainer, Physical Therapist, Dietician/Nutritionist
Median Salary (2018) $47,510 (for all athletic trainers)*
Job Outlook (2018-2028)19% growth (for all athletic trainers)*

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Attainment of Knowledge Through the Health Sciences

Knowledge related to health science is mainly acquired through research studies. These studies may include such things as evaluating new medications and treatments to ensure they are both effective and safe. The development of antibiotics and vaccines for major diseases are a few examples of the benefits that have come from preclinical research. This type of research involves the creation of new approaches to therapy and treatment. Health science also includes research related to diet, nutrition, and fitness.

Health Science Major

A bachelor's degree with a major in health science prepares students for a variety of careers in health science and health care. Generally, programs include both classroom lectures and hands-on learning, such as lab work, in order to most effectively prepare graduates for the field. Coursework may include biology, physiology, environmental health, health informatics, among others. Although not the case in every program, some students may be required to complete an internship or practicum prior to graduation. This may take place in a research facility or health center, such as a hospital.

What Can You Do With a Health Science Degree?

There are several health care career options for graduates with a health science degree. Health care is delivered through a variety of fields, including pharmacy, dentistry, and medicine, and it involves not only the treatment of illness, but also the prevention of it. Health care professionals aim to maintain the overall mental and physical well-being of patients.

While most people associate health care with services that accept medical insurance, such as doctor visits, several health science sub-disciplines include such preventative and alternative areas as physical education and holistic health. Some of the sub-disciplines of health science are:

  • Pediatrics
  • Acupuncture
  • Physical Therapy
  • Neurology
  • Oncology
  • Nutrition

To continue researching, browse degree options below for course curriculum, prerequisites and financial aid information. Or, learn more about the subject by reading the related articles below:

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