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What Is Component Engineering?

Component engineering involves the selection, maintenance, design and construction of smaller parts for larger machines. Component engineers are needed in all manufacturing industries, from the auto and space industries to defense. A degree in mechanical, electrical or metallurgical engineering may be required for those seeking a job in component engineering.

Component Engineering Definition and Job Duties

A component is a smaller part of a larger unit, such as a machine. Component engineering requires the ability to bring all the necessary parts together, as well as making sure those parts work together according to design specifications. By selecting the qualifying components from different manufacturers and overseeing their implementation into a larger system, component engineers must be able to view the larger picture.

Important Facts About Component Engineers

Median Salary (2021) $86,373
Job Outlook (2019-2029) 2% (for all computer hardware engineers)
Required Education Bachelor's degree at minimum
Degree Fields of StudyDegree programs typically aren't available specifically in component engineering; electrical engineering and mechanical engineering are common options
Similar Occupations Circuits engineer, materials engineer, industrial engineer

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, PayScale.com

Required Skills

A job in component engineering requires the same skills as a project management job. Component engineering involves working with designers, manufacturers and vendors to ensure the compatibility of all components. Like all businesspeople, component engineers must consider factors of cost, time and the wishes of the client. Component engineers must possess skills to help them work in many different fields. Here are some basic requirements:

  • Skills in general engineering
  • Knowledge of the principles of electronics
  • Understanding of the physical makeup and behavior of metals
  • Ability to work from a designer's specifications

Employment Opportunities

Component engineering provides many opportunities for engineers to work in a variety of areas and requires a broad range of engineering skills. Component engineers can find work in the auto and aviation industries, as well as in the building of electronic and mechanical systems and equipment. The selection, design, construction, and maintenance of components for spacecraft and military vehicles are also possible career paths for those seeking employment in the field of component engineering.