How Can I Become an IT Auditor?
Explore the career requirements to become an IT auditor. Get the facts about job responsibilities, education requirements, certifications, and salary to determine if this is the right career for you.
What Does an IT Auditor Do?
Information technology (IT) auditors examine computer systems to ensure that data is safeguarded and that systems are performing at optimum levels. Also called information security analysts, these important people plan out and deliver security measures to the computer networks of companies and organizations. Most of these professionals are employed by financial companies, businesses, computer companies, or consulting firms. They typically need at least a bachelor's degree in information science, and certifications are not necessary but tend to open doors to more job opportunities.
The table below outlines the general requirements for a career in this field.
|Degree Required||Bachelor's degree|
|Education Field of Study||Information science with a concentration in business|
|Key Skills||Organization, computer and programming, accounting|
|Certification||Beneficial for increased job opportunities|
|Job Growth (2018-2028)||32% (for information security analysts)*|
|Median Salary (2018)||$98,350 (for information security analysts)*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
What Is IT Auditing?
More and more businesses are relying on technology and information systems to communicate and house important data. Those businesses may call upon your services as an IT auditor to determine that their information systems are running properly and efficiently. As an IT auditor, you may be called upon to look into a company's computer systems to ensure that they are maintaining data integrity and safeguarding important assets. You might often work hand-in-hand with financial auditors or other types of internal businesses auditors.
As an IT auditor, you might audit the computer systems and applications used by a particular company to make sure the systems are running effectively and not wasting company money or activity. You might audit information processing facilities, telecommunications systems, company intranet services, and organizational systems. You might also be called upon to audit the organizational structure of a company's IT management team.
What Educational Programs Are Available?
In order to begin a career as an IT auditor, you should first complete at least a bachelor's degree program in either computer science or finance. A Bachelor of Science in Information Science with a Concentration in Business should provide you with an understanding of how effective computer systems operate, and how to troubleshoot and fix those systems that are not performing as well as they should. It should also provide you with a basic understanding of business and finance.
While enrolled in a bachelor's degree program in information science with a concentration in business, you will learn the basics of programming, networking, systems development and computer architecture. You will also learn the basics of organizational management, accounting and business behavior and how to apply those business concepts towards recognizing and solving technology-related problems.
Can I Earn Certification?
The Information Systems and Audit Control Association (ISACA) offers four different designations, including the Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA) designation for IT auditors. You can earn the voluntary certification to prove your competence in the field and help you secure contracts with potential clients. In order to earn the certification, you must complete an examination.
What Salary Could I Expect to Earn?
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) does not list specific data for IT auditors. However, the BLS notes that information security analysts had a median income of $98,350 and a much-faster-than-average job outlook of 32% from 2018-2028. Most of these professionals earned between $56,750 and $156,580.
What Are Related Alternative Careers?
Those who like the idea of working as an IT auditor might also like a career as a computer network architect or as a logistics analyst. Computer network architects adjust network sizes, make sure that all equipment is installed properly, and keep up with upgrades and maintenance. They typically need lots of experience as well as a bachelor's degree to succeed in this field. Logistics analysts interpret data, prepare reports, and rely on logistics management teams to accomplish tasks. They usually need at least a bachelor's degree and several years of experience to get a good job in this field.